Fact Sheet

Prenatal Development Facts


Footnotes

1Carlson, 2004; O'Rahilly and Müller, 1987; Gilmour, 1941.

2Campbell, 2004; O'Rahilly and Müller, 1987; Navaratnam, 1991; Carlson, 2004.

3Campbell, 2004; Wisser and Dirschedl, 1994; O'Rahilly and Müller, 1987; Navaratnam, 1991; Kurjak and Kos, 1994; van Heeswijk et al., 1990; Gittenger-de Groot et al., 2000; Gilbert-Barness and Debich-Spicer, 1997; Gardner and O'Rahilly, 1976; de Vries and Saunders, 1962; Carlson, 2004.

4Moore and Persaud, 2003.

5Gardner and O'Rahilly, 1976; Straus et al., 1961.

6Prenatal Form and Function Appendix, 2005.

7Carlson, 2004.


Bibliography

Campbell S. 2004. Watch me grow: A unique 3-dimensional week-by-week look at your baby's behavior and development in the womb. New York: St. Martins.

Carlson BM. 2004. Human embryology & developmental biology. 3rd ed. Philadelphia: Mosby.

de Vries PA, Saunders JB. 1962. Development of the ventricles and spiral outflow tract in the human heart. Contributions to Embryology. Carnegie Institution of Washington. 37:87-114.

Gardner E, O'Rahilly R. 1976. The nerve supply and conducting system of the human heart at the end of the embryonic period proper. Journal of Anatomy. 121(3):571-587.

Gardner E, O'Rahilly R. 1976. The nerve supply and conducting system of the human heart at the end of the embryonic period proper. Journal of Anatomy. 121(3):571-587.

Gilbert-Barness E, Debich-Spicer D. 1997. Cardiovascular system. In: Gilbert-Barness, editor. Potter's Pathology of the Fetus and Infant. Vol 1. St. Louis: Mosby.

Gilmour JR. 1941. Normal haemopoiesis in intra-uterine and neonatal life. Journal of Pathology and Bacteriology. 52:25-55.

Gittenger-de Groot AC, Bartelings MM, Poelmann RE. 2000. Normal and abnormal cardiac development. In: Allan L, Hornberger LK, Sharland G, editors. Textbook of fetal cardiology. London: Greenwich Medical Media Limited. p. 15-27.

Kurjak A, Kos M. 1994. The fetus as a patient. Acta medica Croatica. 1994;48(3):95-8.

Moore KL, Persaud TVN. 2003. The developing human, clinically oriented embryology. 7th ed. Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders.

Navaratnam V. 1991. Organisation and reorganisation of blood vessels in embryonic development. Eye. 5(Pt 2):147-150.

Navaratnam V. 1991. Organisation and reorganisation of blood vessels in embryonic development. Eye. 5(Pt 2):147-150.

O'Rahilly R, Müller F. 1987. Developmental stages in human embryos. Washington: Carnegie Institution.

Prenatal Form and Function Appendix. 2005. Prenatal form and function the making of an earth suit: Appendix. The Endowment for Human Development.

Straus R, Walker RH, Cohen M. 1961. Direct electrocardiographic recording of a twenty-three millimeter human embryo. American Journal of Cardiology. 8:443-447.

van Heeswijk M, Nijhuis JG, Hollanders HMG. 1990. Fetal heart rate in early pregnancy. Early Human Development. 22(3):151-156.

Wisser J, Dirschedl P. 1994. Embryonic heart rate in dated human embryos. Early Human Development. 37:107-115.