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The Biology of Prenatal Development




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.jrefrmpum; [Burmese]

jrefrmpum; [Burmese] requires the font Wwin_Burmese1.

 
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Chapter 1   Introduction

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Chapter 2   Terminology

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TtpDpOfwGif oaE<Oumv ESSifh oE<om; umv oufwrf;rsm;onf ,Swfwifcsdef uwnf; odk‹ ¶nf!¸ef;jy onf?

The Embryonic Period (The First 8 Weeks)

Embryonic Development: The First 4 Weeks

Chapter 3   Fertilization

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rsm;aomtm;jzifh trsdK;orD;. rsdK;yGm;qJvfudk “O” [k ac:+yD; toHk;tElef;trSefrSm tl;Zxf [k ac:onf?

enf;wl/ trsdK;om; . rsdK;yGm;qJvf onf “okuf&nf” [k trsm;uodaomfvnf; okufaumif [k toHk;ajyjypfonf?

rrsdK;OtdrfrS r rsdK;om;O xkwfv¸wfonf ESifh om;Oxkwfv¸wfpOfumv r rsdK;om;O ESifh okwfydk; wdk‹ aygif;pyf =uum om;tdrf¹yefwpfck twGif; jzpf+yD; T¹yefudk rrsdK;O¹yef [k t+rJ!¸ef;ajymavh¶Sdonf?

r rsdK;O¹yef rsm;onf r rsdK;Otdrfrsm; ESifh qufpyf onfrSm om;tdrftxd jzpfonf?

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Chapter 4   DNA, Cell Division, and Early Pregnancy Factor (EPF)

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'Dtifat armfvD*sL;rsm;onf wGef‹vdrfaomavSum; o¾ef¶Sd+yD; ESpfxyfuGif;0wftl&pf [kvJac:onf? avSum;.tqHacsmif;av;rsm;udk pkHwGJarmfvD*sL;rsm; ESifhzGJ‹pnf;xm;+yD;/ odk‹wnf;r[kwf AhJpfj'yf aygif;rsm;jzpfaom *GeffeJef;/ qdkifwdkqJef;/ at'iffeJef; ESifh xdkifrJef; rsm;jzpfzGJ‹pnf;xm;onf?

*GefeJefonfqdkifwdkqJef ESifhomwGJavh ¶Sd+yD;/ at'ifeJef;onf xdkifrJef; ESifhom wGJavh¶Sdonf? vl‹qJvf wckpD wGifoef;aygif; oHk;axmifce‹faom AJhpfj'yfaygif; pkHwGJ rsm; yg0ifonf?

qJvf wvHk;. 'Dtifat wGif odzG,ftcsuf ajrmufjrm;pGmyg0if+yD; ‚udk yHkESdyfpmvHk;rsm;ESifh udk,fpm;ðy azmfjyjcif;jzifh AJpfwpfckpD. yxrpmvHk; udk pm&if; ðy¶kH ¶Sdygu pmrsufemaygif; ( 1³5 ) oef; ausmf vdktyfvdrfhrnf?

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tu,fI 'Dtifat tm;vHk; ukd racGbJ ajzxm;ygu t¶G,fa&mufol twGif; ¶dS ukaw aygif; ukaw wpf&m qJvfrsm;onf rdkifaygif; 63 oef; ausmf ¶SnfxGuf oGm;rnf jzpfonf? Tr# tuGmta0; onf urBmajrrS ae odk‹ acgufjyef t}udrfaygif; 340 tuGma0;r# ¶Sdonf?

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Chapter 5   Early Stages (Morula and Blastocyst) and Stem Cells

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Chapter 6   1 to 1½ Weeks: Implantation and Human Chorionic Gonadotropin (hCG)

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Chapter 7   The Placenta and Umbilical Cord

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Chapter 8   Nutrition and Protection

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[dydkbvwfpf arG;xkwfaom tajr‡;yg;tdwfi,f onf zGJ‹pnf;r_rsm;txJ wck tygt0if jzpf+yD; xdk zGJ@pnf;r_ rSwqifh rdcifonf t[m&"gwfrsm;udk oaE<om;avmif; odk‹ ydk‹ay;onf?

tdydbvwfpf qJvfrsm;zGJ‹pnf;aom trfeD,rf tajr;yg;onf ‚twGif;Y oaE<om;avmif; ESifh oaE<om; tygt0if wdk@udk arG;onfhwdkifatmif zGH‹®z;ay;vsuf¶Sdonf?

Chapter 9   2 to 4 Weeks: Germ Layers and Organ Formation

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tufwdk'rf arG;xkwf ay;onfh cE<mtzGJ‹pnf;rsm;rSm OD;aESmuftygt0if / ausm¶kd; tm¶kHa=umrsm;/ ta&jym; / vufonf;rsm; / ESifh qHyif ponfwdk‹jzpfonf?

tif'dk'rf onf touf¶_ t*F g tzGJ@tpnf; . vdkifeif ESifh tpmajc t*F gpk wdk‹udk zefwD;ay;+yD; t"du t*F g. tpdwf tydkif;rsm; rSm tonf; ESifhyefu&d, wdk‹jzpfonf?

ESvHk;zGJ‹pnf;ay;aom rqdk'rfonf ausmufuyfrsm;/ t¶kd;rsm;/ uwfwdvwfcsf ac: ¶kd;quft¶Guf/ ºuufom;rsm;/ aoG;OqJvfrsm;/ ESifh tjcm;zGJ‹pnf;r_rsm; udkvJzGJ‹pnf;ay;onf?

( 3 ) ywf twGif;/ OD;aESmufudk tajccH 3 ydkif; jzifh ydkif;jzwf onf?‚ wdk@ rSm a¶S•ydkkif;OD;aESmuf/ tv,f ydkkif;OD;aESmuf ESifh aemufbufOD;aESmuf wdk‹jzpfonf?

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yxraoG;OqJvfrsm; tajr;tdwfi,f Y ay:vmonfESifh aoG;a=umrsm; zGJ‹vmonfrSm oaE<avmif; wav#muff jzpfI ¹yefyHkESvHk;onfvJay:xGufvmonf?

¶kwfw&ufeD;eD; jrefqefpGm}uD;xGm;vmaomESvHk;onf rdrday:wGifjyefvnfacgufcsdK;usI oD;oef‹ESvHk;tcef;rsm;tjzpf pwifzGH‹®z;vmonf?

ESvHk;pwifckefvmonfrSm 3 ywf ESifh 1 &uf jzpf+yD; xdk@aemuf ,Swfwifjcif; vdkufvmonf?

aoG;vnfywfr_tzGJ‹tpnf;onf yxrcE<mtzGJ‹tpnf; odk‹r[kwf t*F gpk onf vkyf&nf ¶Sdonftqifhxd pGrf;aqmifoGm;&efjzpfonf?

Chapter 10   3 to 4 Weeks: The Folding of the Embryo

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Embryonic Development: 4 to 6 Weeks

Chapter 11   4 Weeks: Amniotic Fluid

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Chapter 12   The Heart in Action

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ESvkH;ta&mif ajymif;onfudk owd jyKygav? ESvHk;aoG;cef;rsm;odk@ aoG;txGuft0if ¶SdonfESifh ESvHk;wcsufpDckefonf?

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Chapter 13   Brain Growth

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Chapter 14   Limb Buds

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TwGif ta&jym;udk xdkxGif;jrif&onf ta=umif;rSm ‚onf qJvf wpfckpmr#omxl jcif;a=umifhjzpf onf?

ta&jym; xlvmonfESifh ‚.f azmufxGif; jrifEkdif r_udkpaw;&awmhrnf? qdkvdkonfrSm tjyifbufeJ@qkdifaom t*Fgrsm;ukd =unfhEkdif&kHr#om jzpfvdrfhrnf? tjcm;aom v=um=umcef@ zGH@+zdK;?


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