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The Biology of Prenatal Development




ILIMIN BOKO A NAN GIRMANCIN TAYI

.Hausa


 
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Chapter 15   5 Weeks: Cerebral Hemispheres

Daga mako huda zuwa ga biyar, kwakwalwa ya ci gaba nunawa raf kuma ya raba zuwa sashen biyar.

Kai kadai ya kumshe daya daga ukum ta (sulusi).

Kwakwalwa na gaba zai fita, zai yi, zai yi har dai ya zama girma sashen kwakwalwar.

Aikokin wannan sashe watau kwakwalwa na gaba su ne, tsammani da koyo, da tunawa da magana da ganiwa, da ji da tafiyar jiki, da kumce hakuri.

Chapter 16   Major Airways

A sistem rai, bronki (bronchi) na hagu da ne dama su kasance kuma a karshe su hada tare da makogwaro ko abin sha iska, da kuma huhu.

Chapter 17   Liver and Kidneys

Anan ne mayan hanta ya kumshe cikin a gefen micin zuciyar.

Kodoji din zai fito da makon biyar.

Chapter 18   Yolk Sac and Germ Cells

Jakar kwai ciki ya kumshe sel haihuwar wanda ake kira"jam sel". Da makon biyar wadannan jam sel su yi tafiya zuwa ga alauran haihuwa na kusa - kusa da kodan.

Chapter 19   Hand Plates and Cartilage

Kuma da makon biyar, ne amfrayo zai ci gaba zuwa tafi, zaman guringuntsi zai fara da makon biyar da rabi.

Anan muke (ga) hango tafi na hagu da kuma idon hannu da makon biyar da ranaikun shida.

Embryonic Development: 6 to 8 Weeks

Chapter 20   6 Weeks: Motion and Sensation

Da mako shida kwakwalwa zai ci gaba(mayanci) da sauri fiye da sauran gefen (takin) kwakwalwa.

Amfrayo zai fara yi tafiyar lokaci - lokaci da na kwaram. Tafiyar din ya kamata ne domin gabancin daidai motsa jiki.

Idan an taba wajen bakin amfrayo sai amfrayo ya cire kanka da kwaram.

Chapter 21   The External Ear and Blood Cell Formation

Kunuwar za su fara nunawa.

A makon shida, nunawa sel na jini ya yi a hanta yanzu limfosaitis sun kasance. Irin wannan farin sel jini muhimmancin fannin gabancin kayan hanawa cuta.

Chapter 22   The Diaphragm and Intestines

Tantani, tsokar na farko na ma'amfanin numfashi yaron, a mako shida ne ake kafawa.

Wani sashen hanji yaron zai nuna zuwa wani lokaci zuwa ga cikin igiyar cibiyar. Wanyar gabanci nan ne ake kira "fisiolojikal haniesha", wannan ne zai ba wa daman dama sauran gabancin abubuwa ciki.

Chapter 23   Hand Plates and Brainwaves

Da mako shida ne tafi zai kasance.

Kayan kwakwalwa kuwa daga mako shida ne zai fara nunawa.

Chapter 24   Nipple Formation

Nono (mama) ya nuna a wajen jiki na tsakiya jim kadan kafin a kai (iso) warin kashe a gabar kirji ne.

Chapter 25   Limb Development

Da makon shida da rabi, gwiwa haunu ya fito kuma, yatsun za su fara kafawa daga sauran jiki, kuma tafiyar hannu zai fara.

Nunawa kashi wanda ake kira osifiketin, zai fara daga kilafiku (clavicle), ko kashin kwala, da kuma kashin saman da kasan baki.

Chapter 26   7 Weeks: Hiccups and Startle Response

Shakuwa zai fara a makon bakwai.

Tafiyar kafa ya fara sosai yanzu, tare da amsawa yi wa baga - baga.

Chapter 27   The Maturing Heart

Dukkan gidajen hudu zuciya suka cika yanzu. A takaice zuciya ke mici sau dari daya da sittin da bakwa a minti guda yanzu.

Aikace - aikacen zuciya ya fara sam - sam da makon bakwai da rabi zai fara aiki kamar na tsohon mutum.

Chapter 28   Ovaries and Eyes

A wajen mace jakar kwai zai fara nunawa da makon bakwai.

Da makon bakwai da rabi ne fatar ido zai fara nunawa da kuma gashin ido duka su fara girmanci da sauri.

Chapter 29   Fingers and Toes

Yatsun hannu za su nuna kuma yatsun kafa zai manne a kasa jikin amfrayo.

Hannuwa din za su iya hadawar yanzu, ta yadda kafafu kuwa za su iya.

Gabobi gwiwa kuma su kasance.

The 8-Week Embryo

Chapter 30   8 Weeks: Brain Development

Da makon takwas kwakwalwa ya yi girma sosai kuma zai kumshe kamar rabin lauyin dukkan jikin amfrayo.

Girmancin ya ci gaba da sauri.

Chapter 31   Right- and Left-Handedness

A makon takwas ne sashen uku daga hudun amfrayo ya nuna hannun dama ta aikace-aikace. Sauran amfrayo zai raba aikace-aikace a tsakani hanum hagu da kowane gefe. Wanna ne farkon nunawa halin hagu ko dama.

Chapter 32   Rolling Over

Littafin kula da jariri ya ce shi ne iyawa juyawan yaron da ake fitowa (nunawa). Amman, aikace-aikacen yaron ciki nan ke fitowa (nunawa) da wuri a karkara maras wuya cikkaken jakar ruwar mahaifa. Rashin bukacin karfin cin nasara kan girmancin run duna a wajen mahaifa ne ke daina jariri ta nadi.

Amfrayo yana karawa karfi yanzu.

Motsi yanzu zaa rage ko kara gudu, daya ko raba, yi da kinsa ko da turawa yanzu.

Juyar kai da girmancin wuya da hadawar hannu da ido ke zamanto kulum-kulum.

Idan an taba amfrayo zai nuna harari garke, motsin mukamuki, motsin runtse, da tsinin yatsan kafa.

Chapter 33   Eyelid Fusion

Daga makon bakwai zuwa takwas ne fatar ido na sama da na kasa su kara girma a bias idanu su kuma hada da wani.

Chapter 34   "Breathing" Motion and Urination

Da rashin iska a cikin mahaifa, tayi zai nuna motsin mici da makon takwas.

Yanzu ne koda zai fito da fitsari wanda zai yi a cikin ruwar.

A tayin maza girmancin gwiwa zai fara fito da testoteron.

Chapter 35   The Limbs and Skin

Dukkan magami da kashi da tsoka da kuma jijiya, da jirgin jini na gaba kuwa su yi kama da na tsoho.

Da mako takwas, fata na waje, zai samu karfi don haka, ya ki ko daina zarcewa ido.

Gashin ido za su zama girma a tsakanin bakin ta.

Chapter 36   Summary of the First 8 Weeks

Daga mako takwas nan ne zamanin tayi zai kare.

A lokaci nan amfrayo ya zama girma daga sel guda zuwa ga kamar biliyan guda daya wadanda za su zana iri-irin fannin jiki daban daban sau dubu hudu.

Yanzu amfrayo yana da fiye da casain daga dari abubuwan da ke kunshe tsoho.


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