This table shows that Tobacco-Exposed Infants Exhibit Significant Neurobehavioral Effects. The table follows below:

NNNS Category

Tobacco-Exposed Infants (N=27)

Non-Exposed Infants (N=29)

Measure Description, Number of Items, and Range

Handling

0.57

0.44

Mean number of strategies used to maintain infant’s alert state (8 items, 0-1)

Excitability

3.08

1.91

Sum of items measuring excitable behavior (15 items, 0-15)

Hypertonicity

0.37

0.00

Sum of items measuring excess muscle rigidity response (10 items, 0-10)

Total Stress/Abstinence (Withdrawal)

0.12

0.05

Mean number of observed stress/abstinence signs (50 items, 0-1)

Central Nervous System Stress

0.16

0.09

Subscale of total stress/abstinence score (range 0-1)

Gastrointestinal Stress

0.16

0.02

Subscale of total stress/abstinence score (range 0-1)

Visual Stress

0.11

0.01

Subscale of total stress/abstinence score (range 0-1)