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Fact Sheet - Fetal Alcohol Syndrome

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  • As children with Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) grow up, school behaviors, emotional difficulties, and social problems often get worse.
  • Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) is one of the leading preventable causes of mental retardation and birth defects.
  • Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) is characterized by abnormal facial features, growth deficiencies, and central nervous system (CNS) problems.
  • Individuals with Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) may have problems with learning, memory, attention span, communication, vision, and/or hearing.
  • Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) is a permanent condition which affects every aspect of an individual’s life and the lives of his or her family.
  • Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) is 100% preventable if a woman does not drink alcohol while she is pregnant.
  • Children with Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) are at risk for psychiatric problems, criminal behavior, unemployment, and incomplete education.
  • Studies indicate that an embryo or fetus could be affected by alcohol consumption during the earliest weeks after conception, even before a woman knows that she is pregnant. For that reason, the Surgeon General recommends that women who may possibly become pregnant abstain from alcohol.
 Full Text [Fact #6206]
  • At least 5,000 infants are born in the United States each year with FAS [Fetal Alcohol Syndrome]; another 50,000 children show symptoms of ARND [Alcohol-Related Neurodevelopmental Disorder].
 Full Text [Fact #6223]
  • Approximately 1 out of every 750 live babies born in the United States each year has Fetal Alcohol Syndrome.


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